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Interpretation of global satellite launch data in 2018: satellite launch frequency increased, with small satellites as the main driving force

(Summary description)The above data comes from the analysis report on market demand and investment strategic planning of China's satellite communication equipment industry in 2018-2023 issued by forward looking Industry Research Institute.

Interpretation of global satellite launch data in 2018: satellite launch frequency increased, with small satellites as the main driving force

(Summary description)The above data comes from the analysis report on market demand and investment strategic planning of China's satellite communication equipment industry in 2018-2023 issued by forward looking Industry Research Institute.

Information
Global satellite launch volume and stock: the satellite launch volume in 2017 broke the historical record
 
According to the data released by the American satellite industry association, the number of satellites launched worldwide in 2017 was 345, a significant increase over 126 in 2016, breaking the historical record, mainly due to the significant increase in the number of small satellites and cube satellites. In 2017, 310 small satellites below 500kg were launched worldwide. SpaceX plans to launch 4425 small satellites by Falcon 9 rocket before 2024, Establish a low orbit satellite constellation to provide broadband services to users all over the world. With the development of new technology, the cost of designing and launching small satellites has been greatly reduced.
 
According to the records of the United Nations Office for Space Affairs (Unoosa), as of August 2018, a total of 4857 satellites were operating in earth orbit, an increase of 4.79% over 2017, including 1980 active satellites, accounting for about 40%. From January to August 2018, the United Nations Office for space research has recorded that 204 satellites have been launched into space, which is more than any year before 2013.
 
At present, there are 81 countries launching satellites and 65 countries operating satellites. With the involvement of commercial suppliers in the field of satellite launch, the number of satellite launches will continue to grow in the future.

北京瑞丰联合通讯设备有限公司

 

  全球卫星细分类型分析

  根据卫星的用途、所处的轨道为标准,卫星可以细分为不同的种类。根据用途可以划分为地面观测卫星、通讯卫星、技术试验卫星、科学卫星、气象卫星等,根据卫星所处轨道的不同可以划分为近地卫星、地球同步轨道卫星、中轨道卫星、高椭圆轨道卫星、赤道轨道卫星等。

  ——全球存量卫星根据用途分类:通信卫星和地面观测卫星占绝大比例

  美国忧思科学家联盟(union of concerned scientists)近期更新了他们的“在轨卫星统计数据库”。截至2018年4月底,在地球轨道上活跃运行的卫星数量为1980颗,同比上年增长13.92%。其中通讯卫星为792颗,同比上年增长6.7%,占卫星总量的42.0%;地面观测卫星661颗,同比上年增长10.9%,占卫星总量的35.0%;技术开发和示范卫星为213颗,占卫星总量的11.3%;导航定位卫星为121颗,占6.4%。

北京瑞丰联合通讯设备有限公司

 

——New launch satellites classified by mission type in 2017: ground observation satellites accounted for 49%
 
According to the statistics of the American Association of satellite industry, the total number of satellites launched in 2017 was 345, of which 169 were ground observation service satellites, accounting for 49% of the new satellites launched; 62 commercial communication satellites, accounting for 18%; Meteorological satellites account for 15%, military satellites account for 6%, navigation satellites account for 2%.

北京瑞丰联合通讯设备有限公司

 

——According to the classification of orbiting satellites: mainly observation near earth satellites
 
As of April 2018, according to the orbit of global satellites, the number of low earth orbit satellites 250km-1500km away from the ground accounted for 62.9% of the total number of satellites, mainly ground observation satellites; Geosynchronous satellites 36000km away from the ground account for 29.1%, mainly communication satellites; Elliptical orbit satellites 1000-40000 km from the ground account for 2.1%.
 
In addition, 57.6% of the satellites are in solar synchronous orbit, 22.85% in non-polar inclined orbit and 1.69% in equatorial orbit.

北京瑞丰联合通讯设备有限公司

 

Number of satellites and regional distribution: the United States ranks first
 
As of April 2018, among the countries with the largest number of satellites, the United States was far ahead with 859, China had 250 satellites, ranking second, Russia had 146 satellites, ranking third, and Japan, India and the United Kingdom operated 72, 55 and 52 satellites respectively.

北京瑞丰联合通讯设备有限公司

 

Satellite launch in the first half of 2018: China and the United States are the main satellite launching countries
 
According to incomplete statistics, in the first half of 2018, the world launched 55 satellites, including 18 from China and 19 from the United States. In 2018, the United States successfully launched multiple satellites with SpaceX rockets, and China followed the United States in the number of satellites with Long March rockets. In 2018, the number of satellites launched by China is expected to reach more than 40.

北京瑞丰联合通讯设备有限公司

 

The above data comes from the analysis report on market demand and investment strategic planning of China's satellite communication equipment industry in 2018-2023 issued by forward looking Industry Research Institute.

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